Going from Chinese elements to Chinese ability is the ultimate goal of Chinese teaching. Based on how to give full play to the value of textbooks and how to strengthen students' ability training in reading teaching, Jiangning District Teaching and Research Office launched special seminars. On the afternoon of May 20th, the Jiangning District Teaching and Research Office hosted a seminar on the teaching and learning of Chinese teaching materials for junior high schools in the Thousand People Theater of NFLSFC.
The seminar activities included three parts: observation classes, micro-lectures, and seminars and exchanges.
The first lesson of the observation class is the seventh grade Mrs. Zhang Chunxiao teaching The Great Tragedy. After paving the way for the author, stylistic knowledge and word accumulation, Mrs. Zhang used the innovative form of micro-text writing to help students grasp the content of the text as a whole, focusing on training students' perception and expression; then Mrs. Zhang guided students from "understanding tragedy" and "appreciate the greatness" to learn the process and historical significance of Scott’s expedition and used the comparison between Scott’s diary and Zweig’s biography to lead the students to further appreciate the stylistic features. Finally, Mrs. Zhang concluded the whole class with “this is a great tragedy”. The whole lesson has clear sections, prominent focus, and specific emphasis on ability training.
The second class is "Hukou Waterfall" taught by Mrs. She Yaping from Grade Eight. At the beginning of the class, Mr. She showed a live video of the Hukou Waterfall, allowing students to feel the magnificence of the waterfall, and then started the whole lesson with poetry activities: understanding the structure of a chapter, accumulating some exquisite words, and appreciating one scenery writing techniques and recitation of a philosophical passage, presenting a clear-thinking, focused, and refined class.
In the micro-lecture session, the first one was "Skillful Use of Reading Aid Materials and Implementation of Ability Training" by Mrs. Wu Yifang. Mrs. Wu first sorted out the reading aid materials in the textbooks, and interpreted the ability points contained in many text aid materials, such as " Pear Flowers By Post Road ", "Great Tragedy", "Social Opera", "Shi Jing", and "The Nut Boat", "Return to Yan'an", etc., and introduced a number of examples of skillful use of reading aids to train the ability, such as "If Life Deceives You" by the famous Chinese teacher Yu Yingchao, and "A Little Peach Tree" by Xiao Peidong, as well as lessons from the teachers in the language group of the school, such as "Climbing Mont Blanc" by Mrs. Chen Wanru, "Dream Back to Prosperity" by Mrs. Ling Qing and so on. Finally, Mr. Wu made a summary: clever use of reading aid materials, enriching language accumulation, implementing ability training, and improving comprehensive literacy in class were improtant. By combing and analyzing the content, Mrs. Wu’s lecture inspired teachers a lot.
The content of Mrs. Liu Yongmei's micro-lecture focused on the basic path of using texts to train reading ability. Mrs. Liu first analyzed the six "ability points" of reading, which are, strong memory, keen perception, accurate understanding, multiple judgments, good expression and rational thinking. Then, from the perspective of lesson preparation, she analyzed the basic path of using texts to train reading ability. She proposed that in the process of preparing lessons, we should interpret the texts independently while paying attention to the reading aid materials; discover the uniqueness of "this one" text; dig deeper into the text to find the points available for the reading training; integrate the ability points and find the correct angle for teaching design. It is emphasized that teachers must focus on collective training in the classroom, persevere the training, attach importance to the combination of reading and writing, and accommodating training. Using "Doubt and Learning" as an example, Mrs. Liu interpreted this article from the perspective of ability point discovery and training ability with the teachers and shared her teaching design, presenting a unique teaching creativity for teachers.
In the exchange and discussion session, teachers from each school actively shared their comments on the two classes and the practical application of knowledge and ability points in the personal teaching process. Among them, the teaching strategy shared by Chen Hongmei from Zhougang Middle School was very enlightening.
At the end of the event, director Peng Qisheng, a junior high school language teaching and researcher in Jiangning District, commented and concluded the event. Director Peng first reiterated the background and significance of this activity. He emphasized the importance of the situation and the task, and took the micro-text writing in the first lesson as an example to analyze the task-driven, reading method guidance, clear instructions and reading methods embodied in the activity. Based on specific teaching cases, Director Peng analyzed how to link the six abilities to the design of teaching activities one by one. He believed that teachers need to combine knowledge and instructions well, and ultimately point to ability training; if the teacher’s consciousness is not strong, it may be a waste of the text resources. He took classical Chinese translation as an example and emphasized that translation pays more attention to the expression of content words, sentence patterns, and context. Therefore, it is necessary to train translations on the basis of content words and function words, so that students should try themselves and be trained in inquiry.
This activity fully demonstrated the scientific teaching concepts and good teaching qualities of the teachers in the Chinese group of the junior high school of the NFLSFC. Whether it is an observation class or a micro-lecture, teachers have aroused in-depth research on how to give full play to the value of teaching materials and how to strengthen students' ability training in reading teaching. It is believed that teachers will further focus on the classes, continue to consolidate their educational and teaching capabilities, and make unremitting efforts to create high-quality Chinese classes.